安装 Fedora 19 GNOME 后需做的事

1. 安装fedora19后的初始化配置

1.1. 防火墙

如果你的电脑处于局域网内,那么防火墙是不需要的的,停止它!

1
2
sudo systemctl stop firewalld.service
sudo systemctl disable firewalld.service

1.1. SELinux

停止 SELinux,如果你不需要它。

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
sudo vi /etc/sysconfig/selinux
# This file controls the state of SELinux on the system.
# SELINUX= can take one of these three values:
enforcing - SELinux security policy is enforced.
permissive - SELinux prints warnings instead of enforcing.
disabled - SELinux is fully disabled.
SELINUX= disabled # change
# SELINUXTYPE= type of policy in use. Possible values are:
targeted - Only targeted network daemons are protected.
strict - Full SELinux protection.
SELINUXTYPE=targeted

2. 安装rpmfusion源

2.1. 它有非常多的免费和非免费的软件,音视频解码器。

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
Fedora 14的源: 
sudo yum localinstall --nogpgcheck http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-14.noarch.rpm
http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-14.noarch.rpm
Fedora 15的源:
sudo yum localinstall --nogpgcheck http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-15.noarch.rpm
http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-15.noarch.rpm
Fedora 16的源:
sudo yum localinstall --nogpgcheck http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-16.noarch.rpm
http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-16.noarch.rpm
Fedora 17的源:
sudo yum localinstall --nogpgcheck http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-17.noarch.rpm
http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-17.noarch.rpm
Fedora 18的源:
sudo yum localinstall --nogpgcheck http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-18.noarch.rpm
http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-18.noarch.rpm
Fedora 19的源:
sudo yum localinstall --nogpgcheck http://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-19.noarch.rpm
http://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-19.noarch.rpm
yum -y install yum-fastestmirror yum update

3. 安装一下有用的一些软件包

3.1. 安32位装库文件

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
sudo yum install glibc.i686
sudo yum install libstdc++.so.6
sudo yum -y install --skip-broken glibc.i686 arts.i686 audiofile.i686 bzip2-libs.i686 cairo.i686
cyrus-sasl-lib.i686 dbus-libs.i686 directfb.i686 esound-libs.i686 fltk.i686
freeglut.i686 gtk2.i686 hal-libs.i686 imlib.i686 lcms-libs.i686
lesstif.i686 libacl.i686 libao.i686 libattr.i686 libcap.i686 libdrm.i686
libexif.i686 libgnomecanvas.i686 libICE.i686 libieee1284.i686 libsigc++20.i686 libSM.i686
libtool-ltdl.i686 libusb.i686 libwmf.i686
libwmf-lite.i686 libX11.i686 libXau.i686 libXaw.i686 libXcomposite.i686
libXdamage.i686 libXdmcp.i686 libXext.i686 libXfixes.i686 libxkbfile.i686 libxml2.i686
libXmu.i686 libXp.i686 libXpm.i686 libXScrnSaver.i686 libxslt.i686 libXt.i686 libXtst.i686
libXv.i686 libXxf86vm.i686 lzo.i686 mesa-libGL.i686 mesa-libGLU.i686 nas-libs.i686
nss_ldap.i686 cdk.i686 openldap.i686 pam.i686 popt.i686 pulseaudio-libs.i686
sane-backends-libs-gphoto2.i686 sane-backends-libs.i686 SDL.i686
svgalib.i686 unixODBC.i686 zlib.i686 compat-expat1.i686 compat-libstdc++-33.i686
openal-soft.i686 alsa-oss-libs.i686 redhat-lsb.i686 alsa-plugins-pulseaudio.i686
alsa-plugins-oss.i686 alsa-lib.i686 nspluginwrapper.i686 libXv.i686 libXScrnSaver.i686 qt.i686
qt-x11.i686 pulseaudio-libs.i686 pulseaudio-libs-glib2.i686 alsa-plugins-pulseaudio.i686

3.2. wps

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
[http://linux.wps.cn/](http://linux.wps.cn/) 
Debian(Ubuntu、Mint、LinuxDeepin等)用户请下载: 文件名: symbol-fonts_1.2_all.deb
box网盘下载链接: [https://app.box.com/s/zs0h71e1curhgb9xqi5t](https://app.box.com/s/zs0h71e1curhgb9xqi5t)
金山快盘下载链接: [http://www.kuaipan.cn/file/id_19418406138675464.htm](http://www.kuaipan.cn/file/id_19418406138675464.htm)
百度网盘下载链接: [http://pan.baidu.com/share/link?shareid=3369982571&uk=505215462](http://pan.baidu.com/share/link?shareid=3369982571&uk=505215462)
文件大小: 241 KB (247,628 字节)
md5码: 1ce31b586bff22ecf6a5941c0d7cb7a1
sha1码: e9b7d2f79d0aa971a9c4ae55ead41647ae14adcf
Red Hat(Cent OS、Fedora、Red Flag等)用户请下载: 文件名: symbol-fonts-1.2-1.noarch.rpm
box网盘下载链接: [https://app.box.com/s/wmsdpn8x9qpcbcnekke1](https://app.box.com/s/wmsdpn8x9qpcbcnekke1)
金山快盘下载链接: [http://www.kuaipan.cn/file/id_19418406138675465.htm](http://www.kuaipan.cn/file/id_19418406138675465.htm)
百度网盘下载链接: [http://pan.baidu.com/share/link?shareid=3371036765&uk=505215462](http://pan.baidu.com/share/link?shareid=3371036765&uk=505215462)
文件大小: 246 KB (252,171 字节)
md5码: 4a7649c69e15983a6e69c31f38f64c62
sha1码: 9d00e765169bba5f1351cf7f21a15ae3e26dcb08

Windows 和 MS Office 的全部字体的安装包下载:

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Debian(Ubuntu、Mint、LinuxDeepin等)用户请下载: 文件名: winfonts_1.3_all.deb 
百度网盘下载链接: [http://pan.baidu.com/share/link?shareid=1223565760&uk=505215462](http://pan.baidu.com/share/link?shareid=1223565760&uk=505215462)
金山快盘下载链接: [http://www.kuaipan.cn/file/id_19418406138675470.htm](http://www.kuaipan.cn/file/id_19418406138675470.htm)
文件大小: 372 MB (391,042,046 字节)
md5码: a5bce445ab363f739affdcd5c894177f
sha1码: 669830eeba0491b7aa8709cd36b27066360561c8
Red Hat(Cent OS、Fedora、Red Flag等)用户请下载: 文件名: winfonts-1.3-1.noarch.rpm
百度网盘下载链接: [http://pan.baidu.com/share/link?shareid=2980366977&uk=505215462](http://pan.baidu.com/share/link?shareid=2980366977&uk=505215462)
金山快盘下载链接: [http://www.kuaipan.cn/file/id_19418406138675469.htm](http://www.kuaipan.cn/file/id_19418406138675469.htm)
文件大小: 373 MB (391,277,972 字节)
md5码: 7e3b14d247115002da1bb2d4b110c28a
sha1码: 2bf3369a89583837710d380f4dbd5bb89d730e01

3.3. 安装tweak

1
yum install gnome-tweak-tool

3.4. 安装sublime

1
[https://gist.github.com/liszd/6220684](https://gist.github.com/liszd/6220684)

3.5. 安装 fcitx 输入法

1
sudo yum install fcitx fcitx-table-chinese

配置以允许使用 iBus 之外的输入法:

1
gsettings set org.gnome.settings-daemon.plugins.keyboard active false

在终端使用

1
$ yum-chooser

或者利用输入法配置工具选择 fcitx(安装输入法选择:

1
sudo yum install im-chooser)

在输入法配置工具中注销或者利用终端注销

1
$ gnome-session-quit

重新登入,即可用 Ctrl+Space 切换

3.6. Logout

1
$ gsettings set org.gnome.shell always-show-log-out true

然后Alt+F2输入r打回车,就能在你的用户名下面的菜单里看到Log Out菜单了。

3.7. 启用第三方软件库

https://extensions.gnome.org/,你懂的

http://www.linuxbsdos.com/2013/07/07/4-third-party-repositories-to-enable-on-fedora-19/

3.8. 安装一下有用的一些软件包

from: http://blog.csdn.net/sabalol/article/details/8512462 有些包比较大,你也可以不安装, 比如 texlive。 自己选择吧。

1
sudo yum -y install yum-fastestmirror unrar thunderbird emacs ibus-table redhat-lsb gstreamer-plugins-bad gstreamer-plugins-ugly  gstreamer-ffmpeg compat-libstdc++-33 NetworkManager-devel python-gevent tracker-ui-tools qemu libpciaccess-devel xorg-x11-util-macros llvm-devel mtdev* mutt msmtp tftp tftp-server policycoreutils-gui mtd-utils mtd-utils-ubi vim ibus-pinyin gnome-tweak-tool ckermit stardict stardict-dic-zh_CN stardict-dic-en texlive ibus-table-chinese-wubi-haifeng gnash smplayer vlc samba pidgin pidgin-sipe meld expect glibc-static ncurses-static genromfs cmake ccache p7zip;gummi

3.9. 升级一下系统:

1
sudo yum -y update

3.10. 安装chrome

1
yum install google-chrome-stable

3.11. 安装 flash plugin

32 位系统:

1
2
wget http://linuxdownload.adobe.com/adobe-release/adobe-release-i386-1.0-1.noarch.rpm 
sudo rpm -ivh adobe-release-i386-1.0-1.noarch.rpm

64位系统:

1
2
3
wget http://linuxdownload.adobe.com/adobe-release/adobe-release-x86_64-1.0-1.noarch.rpm 
sudo rpm -ivh adobe-release-x86_64-1.0-1.noarch.rpm
sudo yum -y install flash-plugin

3.12. 安装音视频解压器:

1
2
wget http://mplayerhq.hu/MPlayer/releases/codecs/all-20110131.tar.bz2 
tar jxf all-20110131.tar.bz

32 位系统:

1
sudo mkdir -p /usr/lib/codecs sudo cp all-20110131/* /usr/lib/codecs

64位系统:

1
sudo mkdir -p /usr/lib64/codecs sudo cp all-20110131/* /usr/lib64/codecs

WHY·LIAM wechat
记录生活,研究产品,分享设计,分析数据,讨论科技和商业,不定期扯淡。
如果觉得我的文章对您有用,请随意打赏。您的支持将鼓励我继续创作!